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PICO question

In adult dogs, does feeding a raw food diet alter urine composition compared to a kibble diet?

Clinical bottom line

The evidence provided by the single study identified is weak and the outcomes can neither support nor challenge the hypothesis that a raw food diet increases the risk of urinary calculi compared to a kibble diet. Therefore, professionals working within the veterinary science or nutrition field should proceed with caution when advising clients and rely on their professional experience until more evidence is generated.

Open Access Peer Reviewed