Heatstroke and brachycephalic dogs – is there an increased risk?

Published:

2022-12-22

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.18849/ve.v7i4.534

Abstract

PICO question

Do dogs that are brachycephalic have an increased risk for developing heat-related illness compared to dogs that are not brachycephalics?

 

Clinical bottom line

Category of research

Risk.

Number and type of study designs reviewed

Four studies were critically appraised. Three of these were cohort studies, one was a case-control study.

Strength of evidence

Moderate.

Outcomes reported

Brachycephalic dogs are at increased risk of developing heat-related illness and brachycephalic breeds are over-represented in presentations for heatstroke. Other factors named, such as body weight, also contributed to the risk of developing heat-related illness.

Conclusion

Dogs that are brachycephalic are likely to have an increased risk for developing heat-related illness compared to non-brachycephalic dogs.

 

How to apply the evidence in practice

The application of evidence into practice should take into account multiple factors, not limited to: individual clinical expertise, patient’s circumstances and owners’ values, country, location or clinic where you work, the individual case in front of you, the availability of therapies and resources.

Knowledge Summaries are a resource to help reinforce or inform decision making. They do not override the responsibility or judgement of the practitioner to do what is best for the animal in their care.

References

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Davis, M., Cummings, S. & Payton, M. (2017). Effect of brachycephaly and body condition score on respiratory thermoregulation of healthy dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 251(10), 1160–1165. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.251.10.1160

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Hall, E., Carter, A., Bradbury, J., Barfield, D. & O’Neill, D. (2021). Proposing the VetCompass clinical grading tool for heat-related illness in dogs. Scientific Reports. 11(1), 6828. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-86235-w

IPCC. (2022). IPCC Sixth Assessment Report. [online]. Available at: https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar6/wg2/resources/spm-headline-statements [Accessed: May 2022].

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Packer, R., Hendricks, A., Tivers, M. & Burn, C. (2015). Impact of Facial Conformation on Canine Health: Brachycephalic Obstructive Airway Syndrome. PLoS ONE. 10(10), e0137496. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137496

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Vol. 7 No. 4 (2022): The fourth issue of 2022

Section: Knowledge Summaries

Categories :  Small Animal  /  Dogs  /  Cats  /  Rabbits  /  Production Animal  /  Cattle  /  Sheep  /  Pig  /  Equine  /