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Abstract

PICO question

In dogs with an acute thoracolumbar myelopathy, is non-contrast computed tomography (CT) a reliable method for the diagnosis of intervertebral disc extrusion, compared to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)?

 

Clinical bottom line

Category of research question

Diagnosis

The number and type of study designs reviewed

Four papers were critically reviewed. Two were retrospective, cross-sectional studies, and two were prospective, observational cohort studies

Strength of evidence

Moderate

Outcomes reported

The current literature suggests that CT is often sufficient for the diagnosis of thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion, with MRI superior to CT for lesion characterisation. Non-contrast CT is likely sufficient for the diagnosis and surgical planning for intervertebral disc disease in Dachshunds. However, MRI is recommended for diagnosis and surgical planning of thoracolumbar intervertebral disc disease in non-Dachshund breeds

Conclusion

Computed tomography is often sufficient for the diagnosis of thoracolumbar intervertebral disc extrusion. However, MRI is superior to CT for lesion characterisation and it is therefore recommended to use MRI for cases requiring surgical planning. Computed tomography is likely sufficient for the diagnosis and surgical planning of intervertebral disc disease in Dachshunds

Regard for the reason of diagnostics performed (e.g. surgical planning) and the likelihood of other differential diagnoses (e.g. spinal neoplasms) should be taken before deciding to use one imaging modality over the other. Consideration into the risks associated with anaesthetising an animal with a spinal cord lesion, the ability of the practitioner to accurately localise the myelopathy and interpret the results, should be taken before pursuing diagnostics in these cases

 

How to apply this evidence in practice

The application of evidence into practice should take into account multiple factors, not limited to: individual clinical expertise, patient’s circumstances and owners’ values, country, location or clinic where you work, the individual case in front of you, the availability of therapies and resources.

Knowledge Summaries are a resource to help reinforce or inform decision making. They do not override the responsibility or judgement of the practitioner to do what is best for the animal in their care.

 

Open Access Peer Reviewed