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The Use of Ultrasonography for Detection of Meniscal Damage in Dogs

Peter Coss

Published:  11/06/2019    in:  Knowledge Summaries
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PICO question

In dogs, what is the sensitivity and specificity of using ultrasound as a diagnostic test to identify meniscal damage?

Clinical bottom line

Although there are limited studies assessing the accuracy of ultrasound for detecting meniscal damage, it appears to be a potentially useful diagnostic test with reported sensitivity varying from 82–95% and specificity from 82–93% when compared to arthroscopy or arthrotomy findings. Experience of the ultrasonographer is also likely to be an important factor to consider.

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  1. Arnault, F., Cauvin, E., Viguier, E., Kraft, E., Sonet, J., and Carozzo, C. (2009) ‘Diagnostic value of ultrasonography to assess stifle lesions in dogs after cranial cruciate ligament rupture: 13 cases’, Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 22(6), pp. 479–485. DOI: 3415/VCOT-08-10-0103.
  2. Franklin, S.P., Cook, J.L., Cook, C.R., Shaikh, L.S., Clarke, K.M., and Holmes, S.P. (2017) ‘Comparison of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging to arthroscopy for diagnosing medial meniscal lesions in dogs with cranial cruciate ligament deficiency’, Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 251(1), pp. 71–79. DOI:
  3. Mahn, M.M., Cook, J.L., Cook, C.R., and Balke, M.T. (2005) ‘Arthroscopic verification of ultrasonographic diagnosis of meniscal pathology in dogs’, Veterinary Surgery, 34(4), pp. 318–323. DOI:

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