dog, periodontal disease, teeth

In Dogs Does Feeding Raw Dietary Treats Reduce or Prevent Periodontal Disease?

Nieky van Veggel, James Oxley

Published:  17/08/2018    in:  Knowledge Summaries
Views
1675
HTML:
161
PDF:
304



dog, periodontal disease, teeth
Abstract

PICO question

In Dogs Does Feeding Raw Dietary Treats Reduce or Prevent Periodontal Disease?

Clinical bottom line

Considering the weak evidence on raw bones and lack of evidence on other types of raw treats, veterinarians and veterinary nurses should be cautious when recommending raw treats to support periodontal health in dogs. Additionally, they should advise clients accordingly by relying on their clinical experience rather than the literature until more and better quality evidence is generated.


Open AccessPeer Reviewed
Full Text:

HTML PDF


Click to see References Click to hide References
References

  1. Bond, J. C. and Lindburg, D. G. (1990) Carcass Feeding of Captive Cheetahs (Acinonyx Jubatus): The Effects of a Naturalistic Feeding Program on Oral Health and Psychological Well-Being. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 26 (4), pp. 373-382. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0168-1591(90)90036-D
  2. Fagan, D. A. (1980) Diet Consistency and Periodontal Disease in Exotic Carnivores. In: Proceedings of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, pp. 34–37. Available at http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.462.6411
  3. Fredriksson-Ahomaa, M., Heikkilä, T., Pernu, N., Kovanen, S., Hielm-Björkman, A., Kivistö, R. (2017) Raw Meat-Based Diets in Dogs and Cats. Veterinary Sciences. 4(3), 33. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/vetsci4030033
  4. Finley, R., Reid-Smith, R., Weese, J.S. and Angulo, F.J. (2006) Human health implications of Salmonella-contaminated natural pet treats and raw pet food. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 42 (5), pp. 686-691. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/500211
  5. Freeman, L. M., Chandler, M. L., Hamper, B. A., et al. (2013) Current Knowledge about the Risks and Benefits of Raw Meat–Based Diets for Dogs and Cats. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 243 (11), pp. 1549-1558. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.243.11.1549
  6. Lund, H. Brunnhuber, K. Juhl, C. et al. (2016) Towards Evidence Based Research. British Medical Journal, 355, October, i5440. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i5440
  7. Marx, F.R., Machado, G.S., Pezzali, J.G., Marcolla, C.S., Kessler, A.M., Ahlstrom, O., Trevizan, L. (2016) Raw beef bones as chewing items to reduce dental calculus in Beagle dogs. Australian Veterinary Journal, 94 (1–2), pp. 18–23. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/avj.12394
  8. Morgan, S.K., Willis, S., Shepherd, M.L. (2017) Survey of owner motivations and veterinary input of owners feeding diets containing raw animal products. PeerJ. 5, e3031. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3031
  9. O’Connor, A. M. Anderson, K. M. Goodell, C. K. et al. (2014) Conducting Systematic Reviews of Intervention Questions I: Writing the Review Protocol, Formulating the Question and Searching the Literature. Zoonoses and Public Health, 61, 28-38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/zph.12125
  10. Reeves, B.C., Gaus, W. (2004) Guidelines for reporting non-randomised studies. Complementary Medicine Research. 11 Suppl 1, pp. 46–52. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000080576
  11. Schlesinger, D. P. and Joffe, D. J. (2011) Raw food diets in companion animals: a critical review. The Canadian Veterinary Journal, 52 (1), pp. 50-54. Available at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3003575/
  12. Sterne, J.A., Hernán, M.A., Reeves, B.C., Savović, J., Berkman, N.D., Viswanathan, M., Henry, D., Altman, D.G., Ansari, M.T., Boutron, I., Carpenter, J.R., Chan, A.-W., Churchill, R., Deeks, J.J., Hróbjartsson, A., Kirkham, J., Jüni, P., Loke, Y.K., Pigott, T.D., Ramsay, C.R., Regidor, D., Rothstein, H.R., Sandhu, L., Santaguida, P.L., Schünemann, H.J., Shea, B., Shrier, I., Tugwell, P., Turner, L., Valentine, J.C., Waddington, H., Waters, E., Wells, G.A., Whiting, P.F., Higgins, J.P. (2016) ROBINS-I: a tool for assessing risk of bias in non-randomised studies of interventions. British Medical Journal. 355, i4919. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.i4919
  13. Taylor, E. and van Veggel, N. (2018) In adult dogs, does feeding a raw food diet increase the risk of urinary calculi formation compared to feeding a complete dry kibble diet?. Veterinary Evidence. 3(2). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18849/ve.v3i2.155
  14. van Bree, F.P.J., Bokken, G.C.A.M., Mineur, R., Franssen, F., Opsteegh, M., van der Giessen, J.W.B. van der, Lipman, L.J.A., Overgaauw, P.A.M., 2018. Zoonotic bacteria and parasites found in raw meat-based diets for cats and dogs. Veterinary Record. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.104535
  15. van Veggel, N. and Armstrong, M. (2017) In Dogs with Periodontal Disease Is Feeding a Complete Raw Meat Diet More Effective Than a Complete Kibble ‘Dental’ Diet at Reducing Periodontal Disease? Veterinary Evidence. 2(2). DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18849/ve.v2i2.88


Refbacks
  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Nieky van Veggel, James Oxley

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Made possible through a project grant from the RCVS Council.

RCVS